#3 Speech acts: Constative and performative
The linguistic J.L.Austen defines the difference between: a statement that comands and one that describes, as two separate parts of speech:the constatives( sentences that are true or false) and the performatives (sentences that denote an action).
The clip also mentions not olny the fact that words bring about actions but they are actions themselves, which we know as speech acts.
Performatives depend on context and reception, known as felicity conditions. In order to have the power to denote actions, the performatives should meet the following conditions: they should have proper authority, they should be understood, they should be clear and they should be able to be executed. However, it does`n't mean that they are going to be followed. Of course, that would bring consequences.